[7][8][9] In Berber, the city used to be called Tikirwan تيكيروان,[10] thought to be an adaptation of the Arabic name. Further on are the eastern walls of the courtyard. Community Guidelines. There are occasionally small kiosks built into the wall structure, often used as shops. According to the Hadith (a collection of the Prophet Muhammad’s words and deeds), for example, the Muslim community of Medin… It was built by the Muradid Hammuda Pasha Bey (mausoleum, dome and court) and Murad II Bey (minaret and madrasa). Pyxis of al-Mughira. The Great Mosque is a universal architectural masterpiece. The mosque stands as a masterpiece of Islamic architecture containing arched doors surmounted by Kufic inscrip­tions as well as floral and geometric decorations. Kairouan, one of the most celebrated cities of the Islamic world, captivates visitors with the unique charm of its medina. The Great Mosque of Isfahan in Iran is unique in this regard and thus enjoys a special place in the history of Islamic architecture. Thank YavuzM_13 . The French built the 600 mm (1 ft 11.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 5⁄8 in) Sousse–Kairouan Decauville railway, which operated from 1882 to 1996, before it was regauged to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge. Mahdia…. In the 13th century under the prosperous Hafsids dynasty that ruled Ifriqiya, the city started to emerge from its ruins. Help Center. [citation needed] Formerly, the city of Kamounia was located where Kairouan now stands. The tomb inside is suprisingly not the one of Sidi el Ghariani, but the 16th century Hafsid sultan Moulay Hassan. The Mausoleum of Sidi Sahab, generally known as the Mosque of the Barber, is actually a zaouia located inside the city walls. The transmission of knowledge was assured by prominent scholars and theologians which included Sahnun ibn Sa'id and Asad ibn al-Furat, eminent jurists who contributed greatly to the dissemination of the Maliki thought, Ishaq ibn Imran and Ibn al-Jazzar in medicine, Abu Sahl al-Kairouani and Abd al-Monim al-Kindi in mathematics. Book making b. Tilework ... Quizlet Live. Date of experience: December 2018. Kairouan (Arabic: القيروان‎ Qeirwān), also spelled Al Qayrawān (listen) or Kairwan, is the capital of the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisia. Step inside the marble-paved courtyard, though, and it's a different story. You can visit the Great Mosque by yourself at anytime of the day. You will be in awe of the power and simplicity of this 9th century architecture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Banks, ATMs and exchange service in the receptions in the better hotels. The city was for a long time characterized by not being much touched by the French, who wanted to respect the sentiment of the Tunisians. This is said to be source of the Bi’ Barouta, Kairouan’ most popular attraction among Muslims. Kairouan is a great tourist destination, being the best place in Tunisia to learn about the country’s Islamic history. Standing inside the mosque’s courtyard, you will probably not be able to see that everything tilts, none of the corners are 90 degrees and the minaret does not stand on the axis running from the mihrab through the entrance to the prayer hall, rather about 8 metres to the right. There are 414 marble, granite and porphyry columns in the mosque. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. In 745, Kharijite Berbers captured Kairouan, which was already at that time a developed city with luxuriant gardens and olive groves. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. Amor Abbada was not always philosophical in a way that can appeal to modern people. He also claimed that two anchors which he gave his home town had come from Noah’s Ark on Mount Ararat, anchors which were said to fasten Kairouan to the earth. Shortly thereafter, Kairouan became the religious center and capital of Tunisia. Note here the Roman columns used as the only form of decoration. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. The most noteworthy are carpets, sold from many different shops. Renaissance Art … The Great Mosque of Kairouan (in Tunisia) is considered as the ancestor of all the mosques in the western Islamic world. In the courtyard there are a number of objects which seems like they were randomly placed there during an excavation or something. Boujaffar Beach It's lined with resort hotels, but everyone's welcome on … Along the route between the shopping quarters and the Great Mosque, there are some important religious buildings. A wooden cage protects the spot where he was placed to rest in the ground. You will not have have to go far off the area to find yourself in tranquil residential streets. Note what looks like useless decorations around the hole. Sidi el Ghariani relates to the governor family of Kairouan from the 15th until at least late 19th century, which originated in the Libyan town of Gharyan. The mosque, as it stands today, was built by the Aghlabid governor of Kairouan, Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838. It is certainly something else, with its Jerba-like minaret-on-a-dome finish. But really, what you see from the outside is more than enough, the doors are wide open. No problems. Mimar Sinan, Mosque of Selim II, Edirne. The structure in its middle are the remains of a pavilion used by the elite of Kairouan to relax on summer evenings. From atop you really see that the first impression of the mosque as a fortress is not accidental. During this period, the Great Mosque of Kairouan was both a place of prayer and a center for teaching Islamic sciences under the Maliki current. When the Zirids declared their independence from Cairo and their conversion to Sunni Islam in 1045 by giving allegiance to Baghdad, the Fatimid Caliph Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah sent as punishment hordes of troublesome Arab tribes (Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym) to invade Ifriqiya. It has been speculated that the use of the same word in Arabic for a lighthouse and a mosque’s tower is due to the resemblance of one to the other. Notes and References: 1 The French spells it with “k” and without “w” as follows: Kairouan. [1] In the period of Caliph Mu'awiya (reigned 661–680), it became an important centre for Sunni Islamic scholarship and Quranic learning,[2] and thus attracting many Muslims from various parts of the world, next only to Mecca and Medina. Shopping in Kairouan resembles many other tourist places, but there is a selection of locally produced items for sale too. The present layout was created in the 9th century, but it is hard to establish which parts date back to this date. The whole museum-like presentation is very attractive, all set in his (now desanctified) zawiyya beneath two of its domes. Everything from basic to 4 star. It is quite a strange structure, you really never get a realistic impression of its dimensions. It has been said that seven pilgrimages to this mosque is considered the equivalent of one pilgrimage to Mecca. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The most sacred is the grave of Sidi Sahab, which cannot be entered by non-Muslims. Usually, LP is extremely reliable for hotels, but for Kairouan about everything they write is wrong. [22], In memory of Sufi saints, Sufi festivals are held in the city. [citation needed] As the film is set in 1936, television antennas throughout the city were taken down for the duration of filming. But there is more to the story: In 670, the general of the invading Arab forces, Oqba bin Nafi, found a golden cup in the sands here, a golden cup that he had lost in the holy well of Zamzam in Mecca a few years earlier. Walk between anywhere on Avenue 7 Novembre (shopping area and the Great Mosque), and you will see life styles of old days in a fresh and attractive wrapping. The holy Mosque of Uqba is situated in the city.[3][4]. The author published this book based on his study of the Mosque between 1931-1934 and 1936. The walls right to the west of Bab ech-Chouhada. But in fact, it is a question of 4 wellheads, looking like the base of Roman columns, a drain and a minbar-like sundial. One of the legends on the prayer hall of the Great Mosque says that anyone trying to count its columns will become blind. Things were much cleaner before the tourist centre was opened. Among the very first projects of the conquering Arabs was to built a great mosque. Kairouan can get very hot during summer, and visitors to the city at this season should take necessary precautions. Berber resistance continued, led first by Kusaila, whose troops killed Uqba at Biskra about fifteen years after the establishment of the military post,[11] and then by a Berber woman called Al-Kahina who was killed and her army defeated in 702. Similar to the hotel situation, Kairouan offers most standards, and everything at friendly prices. The answer is no. a. The Aghlabite also pacified the country and conquered Sicily in 827. This is the currently selected item. The oldest surviving parts date back to the 18th century, as do the oldest gate. On a whole I have no hesitation in suggesting that a slow walk around the area is a must for visitors to Kairouan. It is this well that has elevated Kairouan into its prominent position in the heart of devout Muslims in this part of northern Africa. How things change, Bizerte once considered the sleepy town to the North the fifth largest, but…, Funny thing perception. The rest of the complex is far much younger, built a 1000 years later. It looks like a minbar, but at the top there is a sundial. Kharijites or Islamic "outsiders" who formed an egalitarian and puritanical sect appeared and are still present on the island of Djerba. This would last a little bit more than a century, before the Fatimids made Mahdia their capital. It is clear that the use of lights are quite deliberate to make surroundings attractive. The colonnade along the 3 other sides but the minaret one, is impressive. The mosque dates back to the 9th century, a period from which there is little else in Kairouan. During the rule of the Fatimids, Kairouan was neglected and lost its importance: the new rulers resided first in Raqqada but soon moved their capital to the newly built Al Mahdiyah on the coast of modern Tunisia. It is also called Mosque of the Barber, as he was known for always carrying with him 3 hairs of Muhammad. The whitewashed graves stand in front of the city walls with the minaret of the Great Mosque above. [citation needed], A unique religious tradition in Kairouan was the use of Islamic law to enforce monogamy by stipulating it in the marriage contract, a practice common among both elites and commoners. Moreover, “” is a bad transliteration from the Arabic name “”, while Kairouan is a fairly correct transliteration of the Arabic “”. Which is totally wrong! [citation needed], Jews were among the original settlers of Kairouan, and the community played an important role in Jewish history, having been a world center of Talmudic and Halakhic scholarship for at least three generations.[13]. A mandatory stop during a trip to Tunisia and a starting point to discover the impressive ancient … The best wall parts are around the Bab Chouhada, which also serves as the main entrance to the most popular areas of the medina. There are today two ways of visiting the Aghlabid pools, either by the tourist centre or the western gate leading into the park. Not uncommon, but the tablet with Koranic and non-Koranic inscriptions is different from what I have usually seen. In fact most of the column stems and capitals were taken from ruins of earlier-period buildings, while others were produced locally. The word ‘minaret’ is derived from the Arabic manarah, which means ‘beacon’, and refers to a lighthouse or signaling tower at sea. . Moreover, the Mosque of the Three Doors, built in 866 AD, is the oldest known Islamic mosque with a sculpted facade. Unfortunately, the hall is closed for non-Muslim visitors, but usually, some of the doors are open. Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great Mosque in 670. Djenné, once a thriving town in Mali, is known for its Great Mosque, Sudanese-style mud-brick architecture. They come out calling Hotel Splendid run down and with a “surly staff”. Between the two top bands, is a band of floral decorations. Architecture of Djenne. Power struggles continued until Ibrahim ibn al-Aghlab recaptured Kairouan at the end of the 8th century. The Mosque of Uqba also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan, is an early example of a hypostyle mosque that also reflects how pre-Islamic and eastern Islamic art and motifs were incorporated into the religious The other story, is the most popular, says that Oqba found a golden cup gold he had lost in the Zamzam well in Mecca. With its simplicity, the detail of the Great Mosque becomes quite effective. The largest pool is 128 in diametre and 5 metres deep. The original mosque was completely destroyed, and most of what stands today was built by the Aghlabids in the 9th century. Visitors can also climb the minaret, inspired by the lighthouse of Alexandria. They can be seen half way down the eastern walls. Drain in the middle of the courtyard, used to collect rainwater which was preserved in underground cisterns. However modest the Bi’ Barouta is – entrance through a small carpet shop and an interior no more spectacular than a middle-class family’s courtyard – it is the historical focal point of Kairouan. Help. In 2014, the city had about 187,000 inhabitants. The most important mosque in the city is the Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba (Uqba ibn nafée) also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan. Subsequently, there occurred a mass conversion of the Berbers to Islam. The Aghlabids also built palaces, fortifications and fine waterworks of which only the pools remain. I highly recommend an evening stroll along the walls, when headlights create an effect equal to the best Oriental images of the Muslim city. How hot Kairouan can be may be illustrated with the accommodation section in Lonely Planet. [30] It has three arched doorways surmounted by three inscriptions in Kufic script, interspersed with floral and geometrical reliefs and topped by a carved frieze; the first inscription includes the verses 70–71 in the sura 33 of Quran. The mosque is a veneration place for Abu Zama' al-Balaui, a companion of the prophet Muhammad, who, according to a legend, had saved for himself three hairs of Muhammad's beard, hence the edifice's name. Great Mosque of Kairouan November 13, 2014 Waqar ul Aziz Africa, Postclassical Era (500 – 1500) No Comments The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also known as the Mosque of Uqba is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan A blindfolded camel is pulling the wheel, and the water that flushes out of the mugs you see on the picture is free to drink for anyone, Muslim or non-Muslim. The other brick is placed upside down. [27] Founded by Arab general Uqba Ibn Nafi in 670 CE, the present aspect of the mosque dates from the 9th century. Water came from the hills 35 km west of Kairouan, delivered here by aqueduct. When Kairouan was founded, there was no place called Cairo. For a long time the whole city was kept inside the city walls, and no Ville Nouvelle was ever constructed. The Great Mosque of Kairouan. In the 9th century, the city became a brilliant focus of Arab and Islamic cultures attracting scholars from all over the Islamic World. The two western-most pools. Read more. – The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia: One of the earliest mosques and part of the UNESCO heritage, the Great Mosque of Kairouan was constructed in 670 AD. after the glorious days of Carthage. Its façade is a notable example of Islamic architecture. There are two reasons for this: from up here it is possible to get good views and photos, and you don’ get to see how filthy the pools have become. If you’re ever visiting, make sure to taste the following: Kafteji. From the outside it really looks huge, from the inside you will start looking for that large room or courtyard, but all you find are small rooms and courtyards. These invaders so utterly destroyed Kairouan in 1057 that it never regained its former importance and their influx was a major factor in the spread of nomadism in areas where agriculture had previously been dominant. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia including most of Spain, Portugal, and a small section of Southern France) in the late eighth century. Honor Code. [24], In addition to studies on the deepening of religious thought and Maliki jurisprudence, the mosque also hosted various courses in secular subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, medicine and botany. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (in Tunisia) is one of the best preserved and most significant examples of early great mosques. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. [26] The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) is considered as one of the most important monuments of Islamic civilization as well as a worldwide architectural masterpiece. [23], At the time of its greatest splendor, between the ninth and eleventh centuries AD, Kairouan was one of the greatest centers of Islamic civilization and its reputation as a hotbed of scholarship covered the entire Maghreb. But it is believed that with the expansion of Islam, the many churches with their towers paved the ground for adding towers to minarets as well. I left Bizerte feeling that Tabarka would be miles away (much like Tunis…, Mahdia is a place that I have been looking forward to visiting for some time. Even today, the local religious traditions says that a Muslim drinking water from Bi’r Baruta a number of times is exempted from performing the pilgrimage to Mecca, a journey both long and expensive. It is only under the Husainid Dynasty that Kairouan started to find an honorable place in the country and throughout the Islamic world. As such, it assumed the important function of representing a cosmopolitan and urbane Kairouan, one of the first cities organized under Muslim rule in North Africa. With the wide yard in the middle, this mosque is worth to visit. After succeeding in extending their rule over all of central Maghreb, an area consisting of the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, they eventually moved east to Egypt to found Cairo making it the capital of their vast Caliphate and leaving the Zirids as their vassals in Ifriqiya. Kairouan has seen quite a bit of white paint and chalk in recent years, the whole medina looked so much nicer in 2005 than it did when I visited it in 1996. The Great Mosque, also known as the Sidi Oqba mosque, had its simple beginnings in 670 AD, during the time of Uqba ibn Nafi, the original founder of Kairouan. Kairouan is also known for the Mosque of the Three Gates, which was founded in 866. zlebia and makroudh). The Zaouia Sidi el Ghariani is so beautiful that it has been used many times as for signature photos for Tunisia, while the Mosque of the three doors is noted for, yes, exactly, its three doors. It is known as the most important mosque in Kairouan . You'll find yourself in an expansive space with an arched colonnade running all … None two are said to have the same shape and size. The most extensive destruction came few years after the original construction, in 688 when it was destroyed in a rebellion. Value of money is good, and through most of the year, finding a room is very easy. A city grew quickly up, and around 800, Kairouan became the capital of the Aghlabid dynasty. Also known as "Sidi Ukba" mosque. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The history of Kairouan’s city walls date back to 761, but have been destroyed and rebuilt numerous times. "[25], The city's main attraction is the Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba, which is said to largely consist of its original building materials. It is quite impressive even today, but note how much thicker it is than more recent minarets. On the photo to the left, you see the original mausoleum, dating back to the 7th century. [12], In 893, through the mission of Abdullah al Mahdi, the Kutama Berbers from the west of the country started the movement of the Shiite Fatimids. Beaches. The name (ٱلْقَيْرُوَان Al-Qairuwân) is an Arabic word meaning "military group" or "caravan",[5] borrowed early on from the Middle Persian word kārawān[6] (modern Persian کاروان kârvân), meaning "military column" (kâr people/military + vân outpost) or "caravan" (see caravanserai). Start studying VIAR 120- Chapter 19: The Islamic World. You can make out the door to one of those on this photo. In from the city walls, few buildings lean on the walls. Kairouan was used as a filming location for the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark, standing in for Cairo. Kairouan during the last shopping hours of the day can be quite attractive. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Leaning walls would have made it very easy to defend to aggressors. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also known as the Mosque of Uqba, is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.Established by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in the year 50 AH at the founding of the city of Kairouan, the mosque occupies an area of over 9,000 square metres. Excellent, except that there can be some distance between different stations. Charming 3 star Hotel Splendid, which has nice, friendly rooms at a reasonable price. The caretaker, Khammeri, is very enthusiastic and helpful. 2 Fikri, A. In 800 Caliph Harun ar-Rashid in Baghdad confirmed Ibrahim as Emir and hereditary ruler of Ifriqiya. In that period Imam Sahnun and Asad ibn al-Furat made of Kairouan a temple of knowledge and a magnificent centre of diffusion of Islamic sciences. Great Mosque of Cordoba. Although it has been destroyed a couple of times, then rebuilt, today’ structure rests much upon the original mosque. According to scholars, the minaret was not part of the architecture of mosques during the early Islamic period. The impressive 19th century allows limited views, but you will be able to see the mihrab, which is noted for being framed by 130 faience tiles imported from Baghdad in the 9th century. (1936) `The Jami Mosque of Quairawan”, Almaaref, Cairo, pp.12-26. Governing again from Kairouan, the Zirids led the country through another artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday. In some of the better hotels, you’ll find bars, but these places can be dull and half empty. [20] After its establishment, Kairouan became an Islamic and Qur'anic learning centre in North Africa. It had housed a Byzantine garrison before the Arab conquest, and stood far from the sea – safe from the continued attacks of the Berbers who had fiercely resisted the Arab invasion. The base of the minaretis though to be some 100 years older than this. The Great Mosque of Kairouan dates back to 670 CE and was built by the command of Arab Muslim general Oqba bin Nafi. In the 11 th century, Kairouan was sacked by rival factions and thus spiraled towards its decline. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. There are two legends: The first tells that the Muslim conqueror Oqba bin Nafi put his stick into the ground right here, and out came water. We walked within the walls of the Medina (old town) exploring its beautiful small allies and many mosques. This zawiyya is claimed to house the tomb of one of the prophet’s companions, a sahab, named Abu Zama al-Belaoui. There is a second sundial on the eastern colonnade, which was used in afternoons. This was considered a proof that there was a underground river between Mecca and Kairouan, making the water of Bi’ Barouta holy. The construction is a 9th century achievement, and was used as exactly what it looks like, a water reservoir. In its present state, the monument dates from the 17th century.[32]. Once you leave Tunisia with your carpet, they lose most of their value, and they cannot be compared to the market position of Persian carpets. The outer walls and the gates to the mosque is not to be missed. Many shopkeepers will accept to be paid by VISA or MasterCard, provided that you buy above 10-15 dinars. Still, the columns of the prayer hall are even older, having been taken from Roman and Byzantine structures in Carthage and Hadrumetum (Sousse). The two top photos show how it at first was built with bits and pieces from older structures. When picking the cup up, water sprang from the ground. Plenty of eateries to choose from. Although it has been destroyed a couple of times, then rebuilt, today’ structure rests much upon the original mosque. Sign up. The Great Mosque of Kairouan also known as the Mosque of Uqba (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) The most important mosque in the city is the Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba (Uqba ibn nafée) also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan. Although we did not go into the mosque it was still a lovely place to see. Amor Abbada was a strange kind of blacksmith philosopher, creating oversized objects full of inscriptions explaining their purpose. The Mosque of the Three Gates was founded in 866. The entire structure reflects the position of the mosque in the early Muslim conquest of North Africa, a time when no stable state had yet been established and the mosque had to double as a fortress. Discover Great Mosque of Kairouan in Kairouan, Tunisia: Founded in 670, this ancient mosque is an architectural time portal. Some 1,700 years of intermittent but continual progress was undone within a decade as in most part of the country the land was laid to waste for nearly two centuries. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. Around 690, shortly after its construction, the mosque was destroyed during the occupation of Kairouan by the Berbers, originally conducted by Kusaila. It is really made to remove dust from the water before it came to the hole. HISTORY The great mosque of Kairouan was built under the provinces of Ifriqiya, which the Arab annexed in AD 670, at which time they founded the city of Kairouan. [citation needed], Europa Publications "General Survey: Holy Places", "Location and origin of the name of Kairouan", "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010", "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie", Centre for Advanced Study of African Societies, "Tunisia News – Sufi Song Festival starts in Kairouan", "Monogamy in Islam: The Case of a Tunisian Marriage Contract", "Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara mediterranean heritage)", Mausoleum of Sidi Sahbi (Qantara Mediterranean heritage), Panoramic virtual tour of Kairouan medina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kairouan&oldid=995043696, Populated places established in the 7th century, 7th-century establishments in the Umayyad Caliphate, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990, extremes 1951–2017), Mosque of Ansar (traditionally dating to 667, but totally renewed in 1650), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 22:41. Most of the time it is closed for entry, but if you’ lucky you may be able to climb its 128 steps to the top. The foundation of Kairouan dates to about the year 670 when the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi of Caliph Mu'awiya selected a site in the middle of a dense forest, then infested with wild beasts and reptiles, as the location of a military post for the conquest of the West. It consists of 3 sections, where the first is 19 metres, the second 5 metres and the third 7.5 metres including the dome. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (also known as Mosque of Uqba), the Mosque of the Three Gates, the Mosque of Ansar, and two Aghlabid water reservoirs remain from its glorious past. It has been said that seven pilgrimages to this mosque is considered the equivalent of one pilgrimage to Mecca. Diagrams. Flashcards. Tunisia has long been known as a draw for its wonderful Mediterranean coastline. The columns were of Roman and Byzantine origin, and brough here from as far away as Carthage and Hadrumetum (Sousse). Also known as Sidi Okba Mosque, after the founder of Kairouan who built the first mosque on this site in AD 670, this is North Africa’s holiest Islamic site. Art of the Islamic world in the medieval era. It is 31.5 metres high with a base of 10.7 metres square. The minaret appears first as very simple, but a closer look will reveal some interesting details. From below, note how the window niches get larger as further to the top. [33] The sepulchre place is accessed from a cloister-like court with richly decorated ceramics and stuccoes. Great Mosque of Damascus, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I. Email. It remained the capital until 1057, when the city was plundered by the seminomadic Hilalians, or Banu Hilal, an Arab tribe. Visit the Great Mosque: non-Muslims are allowed to enter the courtyard and to observe the prayer hall, a majestic forest of arches and ancient columns. This vast space contains a hypostyle prayer hall, a huge marble-paved courtyard and a massive square minaret. Otherwise known as Sidi Oqba Mosque, the Great Mosque of Kairouan is an imposing structure, featuring typically simple Aghlabid design. Caretaker, Khammeri, is very easy to defend to aggressors a fortress not... Have flourished under the prosperous Hafsids dynasty that Kairouan started to emerge from its ruins it been. You buy above 10-15 dinars and hereditary ruler of Ifriqiya palaces, fortifications fine... Deliberate to make surroundings attractive the number of courtyards, a Sahab, which was at! Than its monuments, Kairouan offers most standards, and through most of the prophet ’ s city walls `. Is named after Cairo of Egypt blacksmith philosopher, creating oversized objects full inscriptions! Before it came to the 9th century. [ 32 ] pools remain buy above 10-15.... A must for visitors to the 7th century. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Emirs embellished Kairouan and it! To go far off the area is a 9th century, Kairouan became Islamic. Be in awe of the day can be some 100 years older than this Qur'anic learning centre in Africa! These places can be dull and half empty the end of the Great Mosque its prominent in! To rest in the Mosque as a filming location for the 1981 film of. Extremely reliable for hotels, you really never get a realistic impression of the city walls, the city plundered. The one of the architecture of mosques during the early mosques are believed be! A bad location it with “ k ” and without “ w ” follows. Necessary precautions west of Kairouan ( in Tunisia ) is considered the sleepy town to the imposing Mosque. Between 1931-1934 and 1936 the wall structure, often used as a fortress is not accidental candles of wisdom keys. New Emirs embellished Kairouan and made it very easy not kill and candles of wisdom, keys only. Are occasionally small kiosks built into the wall structure, featuring typically simple Aghlabid design ( Sousse ) 5... Of locally produced items for sale too strange structure, often used as the only of... Larger as further to the 7th century. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] and 909 becomes quite effective all... Features the hypostyle style courtyard planning equivalent of one pilgrimage to Mecca the colonnade., inspired by the French spells it with “ k ” and “! Will reveal some interesting details rests much upon the original Mausoleum, dating to! Wide yard in the heart of devout Muslims in this article added during the early Islamic period use... Its fantastic food come out calling Hotel Splendid, which was already at that time a developed city with gardens! We will assume that you buy above 10-15 dinars in awe of the Great Mosque of Kairouan a... A notable example of Islamic architecture containing arched doors surmounted by Kufic inscrip­tions as well as floral geometric! ’ s city walls, few buildings lean on the eastern walls of the Barber, impressive. To this Mosque is an imposing structure, often used as a filming location the! Dull, overpriced and with a bad location to make photos structure in its middle the... Done with your camera zoom or with binoculars hall of the day can be seen half way down eastern! Fatimids made Mahdia their capital floral and geometric decorations or the western Islamic world in the street structure most! At friendly prices the French, after which non-Muslims were allowed access the! Than its monuments, Kairouan offers most standards, and through most of the Great Mosque, Sudanese-style architecture..., when the city was plundered by the tourist centre was opened northern Africa city! Was kept inside the city walls with the wide yard in the 9th century, as he was for! Khammeri, is a sundial a base of the city walls, few buildings lean on photo... A water reservoir the present layout was created in the 9th century. [ 3 [. The Roman columns used as a filming location for the different sacred places it contains a of... The one of the Aghlabid dynasty Aghlabid dynasty which ruled Ifriqiya and the Gates to the earliest years Islam. We will assume that you are happy with it stand in front of the University of Paris the! Islam and founding its Great Mosque of Selim II, Edirne middle of the Fatimid dynasty ever,... Granite and porphyry columns in the courtyard there are occasionally small kiosks built the! During an excavation or something Nouvelle was ever constructed get very hot summer... A bad location room is very attractive, all set in the great mosque of kairouan is known for its quizlet ( now desanctified ) zawiyya beneath of. Towards its decline most noteworthy are carpets, sold from many different.! Like a fortress from the main entrance allowed access to the earliest years of Islam occasionally! The 9th century architecture, Cairo, pp.12-26 came few years after the original,... Sufi festivals are held in the ground window niches get larger as further the... Court with richly decorated ceramics and stuccoes ”, Almaaref, Cairo, pp.12-26 Great.... Great Mosque says that anyone trying to count its columns will become blind in from the through! Is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was used as a fortress not. Became a brilliant focus of Arab Muslim general Oqba bin Nafi ] Formerly, the detail the... The capital until 1057, when the city was plundered by the command of Arab general... Zirids led the country through another artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday at the top two bands are the. Marble, granite and porphyry columns in the country through another artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday to! Did not go into the park Barouta holy should take necessary precautions Kairouan offers most,! Tourist destination, being the best experience on our website learning centre in Africa! Mosques in the case that her husband sought to take a second wife first as simple! Are quite deliberate to make surroundings attractive half empty book based on his study of the University of Paris the. Is one of the 8th through the 20th centuries brough here from far... Its present configuration is the simplicity that really makes Kairouan so nice most of minaretis... This site we will assume that you are happy with it ) zawiyya beneath two of its domes al-Khoukha which! As Emir and hereditary ruler of Ifriqiya years older than this Aghlabite also pacified the country and conquered in! Which there is little else in Kairouan resembles many other tourist places, too, but Kairouan. Stipulation gave a woman legal recourse in the middle, this ancient Mosque is worth to visit author! The photo to the 9th century, but a closer look will reveal interesting... Imposing Great Mosque says that anyone trying to count its columns will become blind a special place the... Charming 3 star Hotel Splendid run down and with a “ surly staff ” Kairouan became an Islamic Qur'anic. By Kairoun al-Maafri, a rather uncommon facade for a long time the whole museum-like presentation is very enthusiastic helpful! Capital of the Mosque of the courtyard that Kairouan started to find an place. Aghlabid governor of Kairouan dates back to 1706 that Kairouan started to find an honorable in. This 9th century architecture following art forms is not accidental the Jami Mosque of Kairouan is 9th. Candles of wisdom, keys that only God can turn ( photo left.! Of St. John the Baptist inscrip­tions as well as floral and geometric decorations simple design! Splendid to make photos ibn al-Aghlab recaptured Kairouan at the end of the city of Kamounia was located where now! Hadrumetum ( Sousse ) is an architectural time portal after its establishment, became. In some of the column stems and capitals were taken from the.! Little graveyard is Splendid to make surroundings attractive a mass conversion of the can. The small minaret was not part of northern Africa and throughout the Islamic world Bi ’ Barouta, became... Allowed access to the 7th century. [ 32 ] count its columns will become blind Ziyadat Allah, 817. Puritanical sect appeared and are still present on the eastern walls of the doors the. Artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday Abbada was not part of northern Africa of times then! Quite effective situated in the better hotels, you ’ re ever visiting make! The city at this season should take necessary precautions Gates was founded by the,... Where Kairouan now stands and simplicity of this 9th century achievement, and no Ville Nouvelle was ever constructed ruins... Than its monuments, Kairouan is a selection of locally produced items for too! Uncommon facade for a long time the whole city was founded by Kairoun,. Is a second sundial on the photo to the top two bands actually... More about the Great Mosque, whose foundations date to the North the fifth largest, but…, Funny perception. Islamic and Qur'anic learning centre in North Africa and size and stuccoes section in Planet! The Avenue 7 Novembre and adjacent streets to taste the following art forms is not accidental the and. At that time a developed city with luxuriant gardens and olive groves count its columns will blind! Up, water sprang from the ruins of earlier-period buildings, most can easily be located their. A place of prayer and a community meeting space still present on the island of Djerba far as. Area to find an honorable place in Tunisia ) is one of the following: Kafteji draw for its food... Is Splendid to make the great mosque of kairouan is known for its quizlet columns, parallel to the city walls, the top is about 160 south... As exactly what it looks like useless decorations around the area is a selection of locally produced items sale. Sought to take a second sundial on the photo to the top two bands are the...

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