Dara’s appointment as successor: Shah Jahan decided to appoint Dara, his eldest son as his successor. He was the son of Jahandar Shah. [36] ... Shah Jahan III: Unknown: In 1759: 1772: Was ordained to the imperial throne as a result of the intricacies in Delhi with the help of Imad-ul-Mulk. Shah Jahan is also the founder of Shahjahanabad in Delhi. Shah Jahan III (شاه جہان ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. Dara Shikoh was in Delhi when Shah Jahan fell ill and started behaving like his successor. [48] Burhanpur was never intended by her husband as his wife's final resting spot. He was chosen as successor to the throne after the death of his father in 1627. [2] The Taj Mahal in Agra, often cited as one of the Wonders of the World,[3] was commissioned by her husband to act as her tomb. She was the eldest child of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. He was favoured as a successor by his father, Shah Jahan, and his elder sister, Princess Jahanara Begum, but was defeated and later killed by his younger brother, Prince Muhiuddin (later the Emperor Aurangzeb), in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne. He came from a long line of successful Mughal emperors, including his grandfather Akbar the Great, and was the third son of Emperor Jahangir. He was the son of Muhi-us-sunnat, the eldest son of Muhammad Kam Bakhsh who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb.He was placed on the Mughal throne in December 1759 as a result of the intricacies in Delhi with the help of Imad-ul-Mulk.He was later deposed by Maratha Sardars. III. [44] The contemporary court chroniclers paid an unusual amount of attention to Mumtaz Mahal's death and Shah Jahan's grief at her demise. After being chosen by the Sayyid brothers, he succeeded his short-lived brother Rafi ud-Darajat in that year. [35] Mumtaz's tenure as empress was brief, spanning a period of only three years due to her untimely death, nonetheless, Shah Jahan bestowed her with luxuries that no other empress was given before her. He was the sixteenth emperor of the Mughal Dynasty. Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu'l Fath Mu'izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah Sahib-i-Quran Padshah-i-Jahan . Jahan Ara’s mother and Shah Jahan’s favourite wife, Arjumand Banu (Mumtaz Mahal), in … Alamgir II (Urdu: عالمگير ثانی) (6 June 1699 – 29 November 1759) was the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759. Successor: Muhammad Shah: Regent: Syed Brothers (1719) Born: June 1696: Died: 19 September 1719 (aged 23) Bidyapur, near Fatehpur Sikri: Burial: Mausoleum of Khwaja Kutbuddin Kamal, Delhi: Wife : Arkhwija Begum; Issue: Amhal-ud-din Binseyar Mirza_son Firhina_daughter: Full name; Rafi-ud-Din Muhammad Rafi-ud-Daulah Shah Jahan II: Dynasty: Timurid: Father: Rafi-ush-Shan: Mother: … Shah Jahan III (1711 – 1772), (شاه جہان ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. [47], Mumtaz Mahal's personal fortune (valued at ten million rupees) was divided by Shah Jahan between Jahanara Begum, who received half and the rest of her surviving children. In addition, under his leadership, the nation faced economic problems. Jahangir’s exceptional granddaughters, Raushan Ara and Jahan Ara, are also known for their firm and divergent political stands during the war of succession, which culminated with Aurangzeb (1658-1707) capturing power by eliminating his brothers and incarcerating his father, Emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658). [6] The marriage was a love-match. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu Rajput wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani (13 May 1573 – 18 April 1619).. His other sons and several staunch Muslim Ulemas and nobles did not like Dara on account of his liberal religious views. For example, no other empress' residence was as decorated as Khas Mahal (part of Agra Fort), where Mumtaz lived with Shah Jahan. Reign: 10 October 1760 -19 November 1806 Successor : Akbar shah II Predecessor: Shah Jahan III Spouse: 5 … Royal Lineage. He was son of Muhi-us-sunnat, the eldest son of Muhammad Kam Baksh who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb. While there, he began planning the design and construction of a suitable mausoleum and funerary garden in Agra for his wife. He was the son of Muhi-us-sunnat, the eldest son of Muhammad Kam Baksh who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb.He was placed on the Mughal throne in December 1759 as a result of the intricacies in Delhi with the help of Imad-ul-Mulk.He was later deposed by Maratha Sardars. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, grace, and compassion. Shah Jahan III (شاه جہان ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. [46] Mumtaz's eldest daughter, Jahanara Begum, gradually brought her father out of grief and took her mother's place at court. [30] According to the official court chronicler, Motamid Khan, as recorded in his Iqbal Namah-e-Jahangiri, the relationship with his other wives "had nothing more than the status of marriage. During the period, the Mughal empire was ruled by two capable rulers, Jahangir (1605-27), and Shah Jahan (1628.1658). He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. Qazwini. After being chosen by the Sayyid brothers, he succeeded his short-lived brother Rafi ud-Darajat in that year. Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha. Both Bijapur and Golconda signed a treaty with the emperor. [5], Asaf Khan was also the older brother of Empress Nur Jahan, making Mumtaz a niece, and later, a step daughter-in-law of Nur Jahan, the chief consort of Emperor Jahangir, Shah Jahan's father. Full name: Muhi-ul-Mulk-ul-Millat. In 1760, the invading forces of Abdali were driven away by the Marathas, led by Sadashivrao Bhau, who deposed Shah Jahan III, the puppet Mughal emperor of Feroze Jung III, and installed Shah Alam II as the rightful emperor under the Maratha suzerainty. Bahadur Shah died on February 27, 1712 at Lahore where all his four sons Muiz-ud-din Jahandar Shah, Azim-ush-shan, Rafi-ush-Shan and Jahan Shah were present. She died unmarried. Not Shah Jahan — Mr Kumar it is. A noted Sanskrit poet, Vansidhara Mishra, was the Empress's favourite. Like his brother, he died of tuberculosis and was buried in the dargah of Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. Shah Jahan; Shah Jahan. Mumtaz died while giving birth to her on 17 June 1631 in, Arjumand Banu (Mumtaz Mahal) is a principal character in, Mumtaz Mahal is a main character in Sonja Chandrachud's novel, Actress Enakshi Rama Rau played the role of Mumtaz Mahal in, Mumtaz Mahal was portrayed by actress Nasreen in, Mumtaz Mahal was the inspiration behind the popular, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 23:14. He was the son of Muhi-us-sunnat, the eldest son of Muhammad Kam Baksh who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb.He was placed on the Mughal throne in December 1759 by Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung III but subsequently deposed by the Afghan confederation (Rohillas and Ahmad Shah Abdali) and Nawab of … [7] Although betrothed to Shah Jahan since 1607,[8] she ultimately became his second wife in 1612. Jahanara Begum (Persian: جہان آرا بیگم ‎; 23 March 1614 – 16 September 1681) was a Mughal princess and the Padshah Begum of the Mughal Empire from 1631 to 1681. [3] [4] Shah Alam II was considered the only and rightful emperor but he wasn't able to return to Delhi until 1772, under the protection of the Maratha … Link to … [37] His trust in her was so great that he gave her the highest honour of the land – his imperial seal, the Mehr Uzaz,[38] which validated imperial decrees. [16] Asaf Khan was a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire. Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 382–336 BC) was the king of the kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He became the emperor in 1760 and served till 1788. East India … He was considered one of the greatest Mughals. Shah Jahan III: He was become Mughal empire for a short period of time and he was the son of kam Baksh and who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb and he became king by the help of imad ul mulk in 1759 at the age of 60 years and later he was killed by Maratha’s sardar or generals in 1760 and he died at the age of 61 years. [14], Upon his accession to the throne in 1628,[33] Shah Jahan designated Mumtaz as his chief empress with the title of 'Malika-i-Jahan' ("Queen of the World")[6] and 'Malika-uz-Zamani' ("Queen of the Age")[34] and mallikai-hindustan ("Queen of the hindustan"). East India Company: (Calcutta, Bombay & Madras Presidency) Colonial Coinage: E.I.C., William & Victoria; Regal Coinage: Victoria, Edward vii, … He … @akshaykumar.” Sara had earlier shared on social media that she feels “privileged, excited and thankful” to be sharing the screen with Akshay Kumar. Page 3 of 6 - About 59 Essays The Panran And Hostage Crisis. [5] She was married at the age of 19 on 30 April 1612 to Prince Khurram,[6] later known by his regnal name Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title "Mumtaz Mahal" (Persian: the exalted one of the palace). Early in adolescence, she attracted the attention of important nobles of the realm. 16TH EMPEROR: SHAH ALAM II Full Name: 'Abdullah Jalal ud-din Abu'l Muzaffar Ham ud-din Muhammad 'Ali Gauhar Shah-i-'Alam II Father’s Name: Alamgir II Mother’s Name: Nawab Jinat Mahal Sahiba House: House of Timur Born: 25 June 1728 Born Place: Shahjahanbad, Subah of Delhi. [24] After their wedding celebrations, Shah Jahan, "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time", gave her the title "Mumtaz Mahal" Begum ("the Exalted One of the Palace"). However, he was not that great because his policies didn’t help create big differences in the Cold War. Bactrian king Menander invades northwestern India, the Scythians (Sakas) under Bhumaka conquer northwestern India from Bactria. He was chosen as successor to the throne after the death of his father in 1627. Mughal Emperor who ruled for a brief period in 1712–1713. His other sons and several staunch Muslim Ulemas and nobles did not like Dara on account of his liberal religious views. The victor, Aurangzeb, declared himself emperor in 1658 and strictly confined Shah Jahān in Agra Fort until his death. Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan (15 January 1592 – 31 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. Shah Jahan II: He was born on June 1696 and he was the 12 th Mughal Empire and he became Mughal emperor for a brief period of time for only 4 months and he was succeeded by his lovely short lived brother Rafi-ud-Darajat in that year but he died on same year with his brother on 19 September 1719 at the age of 23 years. He died on 31 January 1666, aged 74, at Agra Fort. [52], The Ninety Nine Names of God are found as calligraphic inscriptions on the sides of the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal in the crypt including, "O Noble, O Magnificent, O Majestic, O Unique, O Eternal, O Glorious…". Coronation 10 December 1759 at Red Fort, Delhi. The intimacy, deep affection, attention and favour which Shah Jahan had for Mumtaz exceeded what he felt for his other wives. The name Shah Jahan is derived from Persian and it means Emperor of the world. Marathas & Maratha Feudatories; Durranis, Sikhs, Awadh, Rohillas; Princely States (58 princely states, single coin) Hyderabad State (All kings and Feudatories) Indo-European ( The Portuguese, The Dutch, The Danes, The French) The English. The awesome structure, the monument of love that Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan gave to the world, stands as a testimony of his intense love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It is a romance celebrated in marble and glorified with precious and semi-precious stones and that’s the way to appreciate it! Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. [20], Mumtaz was remarkable in the field of learning and was a talented and cultured lady. Mumtaz Mahal ([mʊmˈt̪aːz mɛˈɦɛl], Persian: ممتاز محل‎, romanized: momtaz mahal; born Arjumand Banu Begum, in Persian: ارجمند بانو بیگم‎; 27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631)[1] was the Empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan. The period of his reign was considered the golden age of Mughal architecture. Deposed by wazir Ghazi-ud-din. Before him, Shah Jahan III served as the emperor for only one year but Marathas removed him. Early life. Besides the Iran and Hostage Crisis, Carter did not have any other corrupt policies. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu Rajput wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani (13 May 1573 – 18 April [21] She was well-versed in Arabic and Persian languages and could compose poems in the latter. His successor was Shah Jahan III. He was later deposed by Maratha Sardars. In their nineteen years of marriage, they had fourteen children together (eight sons and six daughters),[32] seven of whom died at birth or at a very young age. In 1760, the invading forces of Abdali were driven away by the Marathas, led by Sadashivrao Bhau, who deposed Shah Jahan III, the puppet Mughal emperor of Feroze Jung III, and installed Shah Alam II as the rightful emperor under Maratha control. English poet Sir Edwin Arnold describes it as "Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passion of an emperor's love wrought in living stones." Shahabuddin Baig Muhammad Khan Shah Jahan (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. She was reportedly a Sassanid princess, a daughter of Yazdegerd III, the last Sassanid emperor of Persia. He was born on 5th January 1592 in Lahore India and he died in 22nd January 1666 in Agra, India. He was placed on the Mughal throne in December, 1759 by Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung III but subsequently deposed by the Afghan confederation (Rohillas and Ahmad Shah Abdali) and Nawab of Oudh Shuja-ud-Daula in 1760 in recognition of Shah Alam II as the rightful heir to the throne who was in exile at Allahabad. And he was the 16 th Mughal Empire. Shahrbānū (or Shehr Bano) (Persian: شهربانو ‎; "Lady of the Land") was allegedly one of the wives of Husayn ibn Ali, the third Twelver Shia Imam and grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as the mother of his successor, Ali ibn Husayn. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir (31 August 1569 – 7 November 1627) and his Hindu Rajput wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani (13 May 1573 – 18 April 1619). In 1760, the invading forces of Abdali were driven away by the Marathas, led by Sadashivrao Bhau, who deposed Shah Jahan III, the puppet Mughal emperor of Feroze Jung III, and installed Shah Alam II as the rightful emperor under the Maratha suzerainty. In addition, under his leadership, the nation faced economic problems. The boundaries of the region also has varied over the ages. Shah Alam II. Despite her frequent pregnancies, Mumtaz travelled with Shah Jahan's entourage throughout his earlier military campaigns and the subsequent rebellion against his father. He was chosen as successor to the throne after the death of his father in 1627. Successor of The Mughals. As early as 1654, he had been given the title of Sultan Buland Iqbal , given a golden chair next to the throne, and his mansab raised progressively till in 1658 he received the unprecedented rank of 60,000 zat, 40,000 sawar (of which 30,000 were duaspa sihaspa). Besides the Iran and Hostage Crisis, Carter did not have any other corrupt policies. [21] On the recommendation of her principal lady-in-waiting, Sati-un-Nissa, Mumtaz Mahal provided pensions and donations to the daughters of poor scholars, theologians, and pious men. Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 in Burhanpur, Deccan (present-day Madhya Pradesh), during the birth of her fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhar Ara Begum. Shah Jahan II (Persian: شاه جهان دوم ‎; (June 1696 – 19 September 1719), birth name Rafi ud-Daulah (Persian: رفیع الدوله ‎), was the 11th Mughal emperor for a brief period in 1719. Sara and Dhanush finished … She was Shah Jahan's favourite daughter and wielded major political influence during her father's reign, having been described as "the most powerful woman in the empire" at the time. 233a translated by Begley and Desai (1984), p. 14. sfn error: no target: CITEREFFindly1994 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFShujauddin1967 (, "Monument of Love or Symbol of Maternal Death: The Story Behind the Taj Mahal", "Waqf board handles Muslim rulers' property", "The Myth of the Taj Mahal and a New Theory of Its Symbolic Meaning", "Trouble at the Taj by Sonja Chandrachud – review", "Guerlain recounts the enchanting Legend of Shalimar", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mumtaz_Mahal&oldid=992942721, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Shah Jahan's favourite and most influential daughter. [19] Mumtaz also had a brother, Shaista Khan, who served as the governor of Bengal and various other provinces in the empire during Shah Jahan's reign. [45] When he appeared again, his hair had turned white, his back was bent, and his face worn. He was chosen as successor to the throne after the death of his father in 1627. Since it is unlikely that they came up with the name, it is suggested that they might have picked it up from the locals of Agra who called the Empress 'Taj Mahal' and thought the tomb was named after her and the name began to be used interchangeably. the Scythians (Sakas) conquer Muttra and Taxila, at the first Buddhist council Buddha's teachings (Sutta) and the rules of monastic discipline (Vinaya) are codified, the second Buddhist council at Vesali chooses Hinayana over Mahayana. Shah Jahan III (1711 – 1772), (شاه جہاں ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. As early as 1654, he had been given the title of Sultan Buland Iqbal, given a golden chair next to the throne, and his mansab raised progressively till in 1658 he received the unprecedented rank of 60,000 zat, 40,000 sawar (of which 30,000 were duaspa sihaspa). Successor: Mumtaz Mahal; Religion: Shia Islam; Dynasty: Timurid (By Marriage) Spouse: Sher Afgan Khan, Jahangir Father: Mirza Ghiyas Beg; Mother: Asmat Begum; Famous as: Padshah Begum | Wife of Jahangir; Introduction. He … Jahangir must have heard about her, since he readily consented to Shah Jahan's engagement with her. Dara was given a chair next to the throne and all the nobles were instructed to obey Dara as their future sovereign. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram was born on 5 January 1592 in... Marriages. [23], Mumtaz Mahal was betrothed to Shah Jahan around 30 January 1607,[6] when she was 14 years old at the time and he was 15. It was a task that would take 22 years to complete: the Taj Mahal. However, there is no firm evidence to suggest this. Reign: 10 October 1760 -19 November 1806 Successor : Akbar shah II Predecessor: Shah Jahan III … [25][26] During the intervening years between their betrothal and marriage, Shah Jahan had married his first wife, Princess Kandahari Begum in 1609 and in 1617, after marrying Mumtaz, took a third wife, Izz-un-Nissa Begum (titled Akbarabadi Mahal),[27] the daughter of a prominent Mughal courtier. Shah Jahan, whose name means “King of the World,” was born in what is now Pakistan in 1592. She was the daughter of Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khan, a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire, and the niece of Empress Nur Jahan, the chief wife of Emperor Jahangir and the power behind the emperor. [41] It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire, so Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra, which is now known as Zahara Bagh. In the Third Battle of Panipat (14 Jan 1761), Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated Sadashiv Rao and thus the Marathas lost their supremacy in Delhi. Shah Jahan had long considered Dara as his rightful successor. READ about shah Jahan II . [59], 17th or 18th-century portrait of Mumtaz Mahal, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFindly1993 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTillotson2012 (, Mullah Muhammad Saleh Kamboh: Shah Jahan-Nama, Lahore, 2013, p. 159. He married and had issue. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had 16 children, but many of them died in infancy. Shah Jahan (1628-1658) Shah Jahan launched a continued war in the northwest frontier to recover Kandahar and other ancestral lands. 4. Shah Jahan III (1711 – 1772), (شاه جہاں ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. Shah Jahan engraved four Mughal provinces in the Deccan – Khandesh, Berar, Telangana and … At her intercession, he forgave enemies or commuted death sentences. Back in ancient days, Nur Jahan was one of the most renowned women. Wikipedia. And his successor was Shah Alam II Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan, Shah Jahan (شاه جهان, शाह जहाँ; 5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India.He is also known as Shah Jahan I.He ruled from 1628 until 1658. During his final days, he was held captive by his son Aurangzeb, who went on to succeed him to the throne. Once Shah Jahan had recovered, the battle between had gone too far for him to intervene. She was his constant companion and trusted confidant, leading court historians to go to unheard lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed. After the death of Jahangir, Nur Jahan retired from public life and pursed a life of seclusion. At the age of 15, Jahan’s parents betrothed him to Arjumand Banu Begum, a Persian princess whom he married five years later in 1612 and upon whom … Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu on 27 April 1593[15] in Agra to Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khan[8] and his wife Diwanji Begum, the daughter of a Persian noble, Khwaja Ghias-ud-din of Qazvin. His full name was Khurran Shihab-ud-din-Muhammad. Shah Jahan III (1711 – 1772), (شاه جہان ۳) also known as Muhi-ul-millat was Mughal Emperor briefly. Emperor Shah Jahan was the emperor of the Mughal empire in the Indian Subcontinent from 1628-1658. Aanand L. Rai’s Atrangi Re is billed as a cross-cultural love story. But in the different era the region and parts of the region were known by different names. After that, it shrunk to a tiny area around Delhi, so much so, that there is a saying in Persian - Sultanat-e Shah Alam, Aj Dilli ta Palam … SHAH JAHAN-III (Son of Muhayyi-as-sunnath, Grandson of Kam Bakhsh) Son of Muhayyi-as-Sunnath Mirza, Grandson of Kam Bakhsh. He married and had issue. Mumtaz also patronized a number of poets, scholars and other talented persons. Islam Khan V (died 21 Safar 1147 AH/1734 AD) was one of the prominent Emir and nobleman during the Mughal empire.He was titled "Islam Khan" and "Barkhurdar Khan" by Emperor Bahadur Shah I and held many important posts during the successive rules of Bahadur Shah I, Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi ud Darajat, Shah Jahan II and Muhammad Shah. Shah Jahan II (Persian: شاه جهان دوم ‎; c. 1698 – 19 September 1719), birth name Rafi ud-Daulah (Persian: رفیع الدوله ‎), was the 11th Mughal emperor for a brief period in 1719. Explanation: The successor of Ali Adil Shah, Ibrahim Adil Shah 11(1580-1627) ascended the throne at the age of nine. Dara’s appointment as successor: Shah Jahan decided to appoint Dara, his eldest son as his successor. 'King of the World'), was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. He survived in the war of succession. Selfish interests of courtiers: The courtiers had their selfish motives to gain power by siding with the one or the other son. Shah Jahan III. Jahanara was an ardent partisan of her brother Dara Shikoh and supported him as her father's chosen successor. king Ashoka of India converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby states . He was the son of Muhi-us-sunnat, the eldest son of Muhammad Kam Baksh who was the youngest son of Aurangzeb.He was placed on the Mughal throne in December 1759 as a result of the intricacies in Delhi with the help of Imad-ul-Mulk.He was later deposed by Maratha Sardars. [49] There it was interred in a small building on the banks of the Yamuna River. The mother of his 14 children was Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan commissioned … She got her niece, Mumtaz Mahal, married to Prince Khurram (shah Jahan). Under his reign, the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its cultural glory. In the immediate aftermath of his bereavement, the emperor was reportedly inconsolable. The name, Odisha (formerly Orissa), refers to the current state in India. Each wife of the Mughal emperor was given a regular monthly allowance for her gastos (housekeeping or travelling expenses); the highest such allowance on record is the one million rupees per year given to Mumtaz Mahal by Shah Jahan. King Ashoka of India converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby states Padshah-i-Jahan! One-Thousandth part of the affection that he did for her renowned women Agra for his wife final. T help create big differences in the different era the region Alam to the throne at the of. 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