The new design measured 282 m (925 ft) long at the waterline, had a beam of 39 m (128 ft), and a draft of up to 12.2 m (40 ft) at full load. Bismarck is superior to Hood, H-class is (slightly) superior to Lion. With lessons learned from those ships, the Germans would begin the real core of the fleet, the six battleships of the H-39 class. 1938, 2 battleships, and 1939 3 Battleships, of the lion class. The ships' main armor would have rendered them proof against the 16 in shell at ranges between 11,000 to 21,000 m (36,000 to 69,000 ft). , Design work on the ship that came to be designated H-39 began in 1937.  The OKM issued orders for construction of the first two ships, "H" and "J", on 14 April 1939.  A 60 to 150 mm (2.4 to 5.9 in) thick splinter belt protected the bow from shell fragments. Both sources concur that six submerged 53.3 cm torpedo tubes were included in each design.  The only hint on the names of the units were given by Hitler himself, who mentioned during documented unofficial talks, that he would propose the names Ulrich von Hutten and Götz von Berlichingen for the ships, as these names are not connected with persons of the third Reich or the country itself, so the loss would not have a significant negative psychological and propaganda effect on the German people. Design displacement was 111,000 t (109,000 long tons; 122,000 short tons) and estimated at 118,110 long tons (120,010 t) at full load. There were a few variants of the 'H' class. It simply wasn’t useful for Germany to build a battle line in the run up or during WWII.  The power-plant was rated at 165,000 shaft horsepower (123,000 kW) and 260 rpm; it provided a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) as designed. Royal Navy HMS Roberts Monitor . H-Class Battleships. At standard displacement, which was 52,600 long tons (53,400 t), the draft was slightly under the limit, at 9.6 m (31 ft). All you need to know about Battleship H-class from a scale modeler perspective. The H44 would have been bigger than the latest U.S. Nuclear Aircraft Carrier, the John C. Stennis This is the introductory article for a series of ten articles on the classes of battleships built or planned by the major powers following the expiration of the Second London Naval Treaty. The H-class battleships were a super-class planned by the German Navy during World War II, after the Bismarck-class battleships. There even would have been no usable port for a H44 in Germany. The Construction Office of the OKM formally concluded their work on new battleships with the H-41 type and played no further role in battleship development. Being a enlarged version of the H42, the new design had no counterpart in other contries. Contracts for the other four "H-39" type ships had been awarded, but no work was begun on any of them before they were canceled. , Information on the armament outfits for the designs is equally contradictory. Due to the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, none of the ships were ever built; only the first two of the "H-39" ships were laid down.  The 16 in shell could penetrate the upper side belt at any range, however, which left the ships exposed above the waterline. The "H" class battleships were a part of Germany's "Z" plan, the German Navy's master plan to build a balanced fleet to challenge Allied supremacy at sea.  By virtue of the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, signed in 1935, Germany was considered to be a party to the other international naval arms limitation treaties. During 1941 the "H class" was redesigned ("H-41") and it was proposed to bore out the existing guns to 42 cm (16.5 in) caliber. hclass , battleship , ships , water , transport , boats Uploaded by Wyrmshadow into Watercraft - Ships - Battleships 3D Models . The first proposals were bigger and more heavily armed evolutions of the original Bismarck-class construction, and would have been made before 1945 in plan Z (read more about this elsewhere). These figures are draft at designed displacement. Those ships, which would have been the core of the fleet build according to the Z-Plan, were mainly enlarged and improved versions of their predecessors. I was watching a film on Youtube about German Battleships and came across a reference to the H44 design, I have managed to pull some stats for the various H class designs Class overview Operators: Kriegsmarine Preceded by: Bismarck class Planned: 6 Completed: 0 … Classic editor History Comments (3) Share. It was reasoned that direct shell hits would cause localized damage that could be better isolated than damage from splinters, which could cause extensive flooding. , Sixteen dual-mounted 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 C33 Flak guns provided long-range defense against aircraft. These figures are according to John Campbell; Erich Gröner states a range of 36,800 m (120,700 ft) at 30 degrees of elevation, while William Garzke and Robert Dulin specify a range of 37,800 m (124,000 ft) at 33 degrees.  The keels for the first two ships were laid at the Blohm & Voss dockyard in Hamburg and the Deschimag shipyard in Bremen on 15 July and 1 September 1939, respectively. Hitler demanded guns larger than any possible adversary, but guns of the caliber demanded by Hitler would have required displacements of over 80,000 long tons (81,000 t) and drafts so deep as to prevent the use of Germany's ports without significant dredging.  Steel for the other four ships had been ordered and partially machined for installation, though no assembly work had begun.  The ships were also to be armed with six 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, all submerged. H-class and Bismarck. , As finalized, the H-39 design called for a ship 266 m (873 ft) long at the waterline and 277.8 m (911 ft) long overall. , One of the 40.6 cm guns at Batterie Lindemann, The main armament was to consist of eight 40.6 cm SK C/34 guns in four twin gun turrets.  Unlike those mounted on the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes, these guns were armored to protect their crews from shrapnel, debris, and strafing attacks. The 3.7 cm guns were placed in eight twin mounts while the 2 cm guns were arrayed in six Flakvierling quadruple mountings.  As the designs for the H-42, H-43, and H-44 battleships were purely conjectural, no actual work was begun. During 1937 the German navalcommand OKM (oberkommando der Kriegsmarine) gave the order to investigate which kind of new battleship would replace the Bismarck-class. This group was responsible for the design work that resulted in the H-42 type, as well as the subsequent designs. They would have been all the big gun/ship units of the Reichsmarine. The initial dates of the ships correspond to the launch time, followed by a separation that indicates their retirement or final date. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany’s Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. was still in an earlier phase of construction).  The guns used a sliding breech block, as was typical for German naval guns of the period; the breech was fully sealed with a 91 kg (201 lb) brass cartridge that contained the 128 kg (282 lb) main propellant charge. , In early July 1940, Hitler ordered the Navy to examine new battleship designs and how wartime experience might be incorporated.  The Commission did not discuss its activities with Raeder or his successor, Admiral Karl Dönitz, or with other branches in the OKM.  These were the same secondaries employed on the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes. Construction of the H-class battleships was part of the Z Plan, a German Navy expansion plan from 1939, and the H-class ships were intended to be 50,000 tons completed. This is a 700,000 ton German battleship built to carry a battery of eight 80 cm/31.5 guns, the siege gun Gustav.  A 45 mm (1.8 in) thick torpedo bulkhead composed of Wotan Weich steel backed the side armor and provided defense against underwater weapons. Both works agree that the secondary armament was to have consisted of twelve 15 cm L/55 guns and sixteen 10.5 cm L/65 guns as in the previous designs, though the lighter weapons are disputed. Construction of the H-class battleships was part of the Z Plan, a German Navy expansion plan from 1939, and the H-class ships were intended to be 50,000 tons completed. The six battleships of the H-class were the projected successors of the battleships Bismarck  Close-range air defense was provided by a battery of sixteen 3.7 cm (1.5 in) L/83 C33 and twenty-four 2 cm (0.79 in) C38 guns. , The finalized design was approved by Admiral Raeder on 15 November 1941. , One of the most significant changes was the decision to bore out the over-sized 40.6 cm guns to 42 cm caliber for the H-41 design. 1/700 German Battleship H-Class H-39 Hutten. Four auxiliary boilers were installed to provide backup power; two were oil-fired and were located between the central transmission rooms. [lower-alpha 8] The bulkhead was placed 5.5 m (18 ft) from the side of the hull, though abreast of the turrets and further in the bow and stern, this distance could not be maintained. This source material is from "The German Navy at War: 1935-1945 Vol 1" by Siegfried Breyer & Gerhard Koop. H-44 was the largest and most powerful. Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger, eds (1980). It appeared that Japan would not ratify the Second London Naval Treaty, which would bring an escalator clause that permitted signatories to arm battleships with guns of up to 40.6 cm (16.0 in) caliber. The stern section of the torpedo bulkhead was also strengthened structurally to allow it to better contain the force of an underwater explosion.  The 3.7 cm guns were closely grouped amidships and had a single, common ammunition hoist. It was not designed to counter the Yamato-class "super battleships" because it was designed before the war started and the United States did not know about the yamato at the time. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. For the final design, H-44, the length rose to 345 m (1,132 ft) between perpendiculars, the beam increased to 51.5 m (169 ft), and draft rose to 12.7 m (42 ft) as designed and 13.5 m (44 ft) at full load. The hull contained twenty-one large watertight compartments and a double bottom that extended for 89 percent of the length of the keel. The H class of battleships was a series of Battleship designs for Nazi Germany's kriegsmarine. [lower-alpha 10] The designers were confronted with a significant problem: any increase in armor could correspondingly increase the displacement and more importantly, the draft.  A triple bottom was also included in the design, the first time a feature was used in a German warship design. The German Navy did not preserve official estimates for the immunity zone, though Garzke and Dulin created an estimate based on the performance of the US 16 in (41 cm) 45 caliber gun firing a 1,016 kg (2,240 lb) shell.  It was expected to resume work on the ships after a German victory in the war. , The underwater protection system was broadly similar to the system employed on the Bismarck class.  The ships had an estimated complement of 2,600 officers and enlisted men. , The ships were to be powered by twelve MAN 9-cylinder double acting 2-stroke diesel engines.  Their barbettes had 80 mm (3.1 in) thick armor protection. Classes which did not enter service are listed by the date of cancellation or last work on the project. The belt was reduced to 220 mm (8.7 in) on either end of the main section; the stern and bow were unprotected by the main belt. Flower Class Corvette Snowberry 501 parts. The staff also prepared a second design, "Scheme B", which retained the fourth turret and accepted a much higher displacement.  The Schiffsneubaukommission (New Ships Construction Commission), intended to liaise with Speer and the OKM, was created and placed under the direction of Admiral Karl Topp. This is strictly a flight of fancy taken from remarks made by Hitler that he wanted to mount 80 cm guns on the H-class.  The hull was constructed from transverse and longitudinal steel frames and featured over 90 percent welding. The "H-41" design improved the "H-39" ship with still larger main guns, with eight 42 cm (17 in) weapons. The beam was to have been 37 m (121 ft) with a designed draft of 10 m (33 ft). They were basically enlarged Bismarcks with heavier guns, extended compartmentation, and increased radius of action. Work on the first two was suspended and the other four were not laid down, as it was believed they would not be finished before the war was over. The H class was a series of battleship designs for the German Kriegsmarine, intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Royal Navy HMS Hood Battleship . According to Garzke & Dulin, this design was to be armed with 50.8 cm guns. Royal Navy HMS Daring Destroyer . German Battleship H-Class Hutten detail Up set, VFI, 1/700, etched set + wooden deck, 2019-07-24, VF700006, ;H-39;Hutten;,  The outbreak of war in September 1939 interrupted the construction of the ships.  Concerned with the fate of the battlecruiser Lützow at the Battle of Jutland,[lower-alpha 9] the designers opted to provide relatively heavy bow armor for the H-class ships. , Two armored decks composed of Wotan Hart steel protected the ships from plunging fire and aerial weapons. The H-39 was a proposed class of battleships for the German Navy. "Although H-44 was the last proper battleship design study, there is a final twist to the story. (Mon - Fri) This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. J Manufactured by: Very Fire. Royal Navy HMS Rodney 2E . All ships were scheduled to be completed by 1944. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany’s Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. A force of six H-39 class battleships was the centerpiece of the fleet. The first variation, "H-39," called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck-class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. (1985). Those ships, which would have been the core of the fleet build according to the Z-Plan, were mainly enlarged and improved versions of their predecessors. The first two ships were laid down in 1939, but were canceled that same year after war broke out and it became obvious that they could not be completed in time to affect the outcome. The main battery of 48 cm guns is according to Erich Gröner; William Garzke & Robert Dulin state this design was to be equipped with 42 cm pieces. With the H43 design, the Naval construction office finally left the path of battleship that had had chance to build at all. Royal Navy HMS Monmouth F235 Type 23 Frigate .  The upper side belt was 145 mm (5.7 in) thick.  Plan Z was finalized by January 1939, when Admiral Erich Raeder, the commander of the Kriegsmarine, presented it to Hitler. , An artist's interpretation of an H-class battleship by Richard Allison. H Class Battleship. One of the reasons behind this conversion was to give these ships a larger caliber weapon than those planned for any known Allied battleship.  Both sources agree on a maximum range of 20,000 nmi (37,000 km; 23,000 mi) at a cruising speed of 19 kn (35 km/h; 22 mph). There was never any intention of building it. The H-classes would have had a similar fate. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. The increase in weight, while engine power remained constant, reduced speed to 28.8 kn (53.3 km/h; 33.1 mph).  The rear side of the turret was 325 mm (12.8 in) thick; in addition to the protection offered by the greater thickness, it also moved the center of gravity of the mounting to the rear, which helped balance the turret and improve its operation.  The 15 cm gun turrets had 100 mm (3.9 in) thick faces, 40 mm (1.6 in) thick sides, and 35 mm (1.4 in) thick roofs. The main armored deck was 120 mm (4.7 in) and 100 mm (3.9 in) thick, respectively, though on the outboard sloped sections, thickness was increased to augment the protection over the ships' vitals. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. In 1940, the used material was wrecked on the shipyard and used elsewhere. Twelve 15 cm (5.9 in) L/55 C28 guns mounted in six twin turrets comprised the ships' secondary battery. OpenCms - The OpenSource Content Management System. That another H-class-battleship might have possibly be named Friedrich der Große is speculative, but given that Hitler was a great admirer of Friedrich II., may be quite possible. Those ships, which would have been the core of the fleet build according to the Z-Plan, were mainly enlarged and improved versions of their predecessors. On paper the germans "win". and the loss of the Scharnhorst Only two of the ships were actually started, Schlachtschiff H  The guns were supplied with a total of 960 rounds of ammunition or 120 shells per gun; each shell weighed 1,030 kg (2,270 lb). Hi everyone i want to say sorry for not uploading for awhile i was getting a new pc mouse xD 2 vs 3 enjoy the video Had the idea been taken up, it would have probably resulted in an unwieldy leviathan. The list of battleships includes all battleships built between c. 1890 and 1946, arranged alphabetically by country. The ship's radius of action was to be at least equal that of the Deutschland-class cruisers.  The 10.5 cm mounts were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) thick gun shields. One of the 15 cm turrets on Bismarck, the same type as would have been mounted on the H-class. Royal Navy HMS Dreadnought Battleship . The design staff therefore attempted to improve the armor protection for the H-class. There is no shortage of ludicrously massive warships that existed in only the darkest corners of the imagination and a few sheaves of paper. H CLASS BATTLESHIPS (Schlachtschiffe H Klasse) The Z Plan contemplated the construction of six large battleships of over 52,000 metric tons each armed with eight 40.6cm guns.  The loss of Bismarck in May 1941 also influenced the design; two large skegs were added to the outboard shafts to protect them and increase support for the stern while in drydock. They fired a 45.3 kg (100 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s (2,871 ft/s), and were primarily intended for defense against surface threats. Royal Navy HMS Eskimo Tribal Class Destroyer . Deschimag, which had been awarded the contract for "J", could no longer be used due to the increase in draft, which precluded travel through the shallow Weser. Comparing the basic data of the different H-class designs shows this very effectively, as shown in the table below: It is obvious that everything after the H40 was far from realization. Lessons learned in naval conflicts including German warships, like Norway, the sinking of the Bismarck Eventually, six “H” class battleships would have formed the core of the German battlefleet. When the ‘Z-Plan’ was authorised by Adolf Hitler on 18 January 1939 for the upgrade of the German Navy on the basis that World War II would not be triggered until 1942, its heavyweight core was six ‘H’ class battleships. The H-39 class, the direct successor to the Bismarck Class came closest to fruition of any of these ships.  The OKM planned to begin construction six to nine months after demobilization, initially at Blohm & Voss and the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel. It's known that the British Government never expected war towards the end of 1939, but 1941 at the earliest, and more probably around 1944. Four bilge keels were fitted to improve stability. The work on H39 moved … The H-class battleships were a super-class planned by the German Navy during World War II, after the Bismarck-class battleships. The only requirements were a speed of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph), horizontal and underwater protection sufficiently strong enough to protect the vessel from all attacks, and a main battery properly balanced with the size of the ship. This and the later "H … With the ship fully loaded, at 62,600 long tons (63,600 t), draft rose significantly, to 11.2 m (37 ft). The first variation, "H-39," called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck-class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. The Yamato-class battleships (大和型戦艦, Yamato-gata senkan) were two battleships of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), Yamato and Musashi, laid down leading up to World War II and completed as designed.A third hull laid down in 1940 was converted to an aircraft carrier, Shinano, during construction. Info [lower-alpha 5] The Oberkommando der Marine (OKM) issued staff requirements at the end of October for a sh… Battery Lindemann was named in honor of the late.  The OKM was aware that the British had settled on a 40.6 cm gun for the proposed Lion class; the 42 cm gun would grant the H-41 design a significant advantage over these new adversaries. A fore charge weighing 134 kg (295 lb) supplemented the main charge. The first variation, "H-39," called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. Both sources agree on the armament for H-44, which was to have been eight 50.8 cm (20.0 in) guns. 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