Such a number would be difficult to collect and transport. Ibn Tulun was the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origins owned by the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun. in the arcades, windows, and doors. The mosque was commissioned under the rule of Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbassid governor of Egypt from 868–884. Ibn Tulun got inspired back to his homeland especially “ancient mosque of Samarra” besides, he added his own innovations. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. He reported that Al-Qudhai narrated that Ibn Tulun asked for advice about: “the construction of a building that would stand the fire if the whole of Egypt was to be consumed by it, and stand a flood if the whole of Egypt was to be submerged by it.” He was told to build with plaster, ash and red brick, and not to erect any columns of marble as they do not stand well against fire. This was the first use of piers outside Samarra. The Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque is roughly square in shape, measureing 162 m. in length and 161 m. in width. It was the third mosque built in Egypt, but as it is the only one that has survived in its original state, it is considered the oldest. It is also the largest. The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. The first of these is the use of piers constructed of brick, instead of columns, to carry the arcades and the roof. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within two years he had been made governor of the whole country. Le beau-père a alors décidé d'envoyer en Egypte comme un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Écrit par Gaston WIET • 8 895 mots • 2 médias; Dans le chapitre « Les Toulounides et les Ikhshidides » : […] L'Égypte va en retirer, momentanément tout au moins, une existence propre. Il apprend le coran, la jurisprudence et les hadiths et surpasse en ce domaine tous ses camarades. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID The new city's centrepiece was the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which was built in 878–880 under the supervision of the Mesopotamian Christian architect Ibn Katib al-Farghani. The mosque employed some 160 piers of rectangular shape of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width. Sources indicate that these provisions were also appreciated by Medieval European visitors, becoming later a prototype of Gothic pierced and crested parapets. Elements such as the pointed arch, the pier, and wall battlements became the essential ingredients of Gothic architecture. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. The prayer hall (Figure 2) is a rectangle of six aisles running parallel to the Qibla wall. On the architrave of arcades and windows, is found a delicate combination of floral and geometrical patterns which show a great similarity to the one developed in Samarra. Historical sources indicate that the mosque witnessed the following changes: The mosque has a square shape 162 meters long, making it one of the largest mosques of Cairo (figure 1). The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears. The mosque was commissioned under the rule of Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbassid governor of Egypt from 868–884. Source: https://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1018.html. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). Read More on This Topic Egypt: Egypt under the caliphate …stepson, a young Mamluk named Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, as his agent in Egypt. It is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area and the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. Four mihrabs made of plaster were added to the mosque. It was under the reign of Ahmad IbnTulun that Egypt's status changed from a provincial Abbasid Caliphate to that of an independent state. WIKIPEDIA : Ahmad Ibn Touloun (835-884) est le fondateur de la dynastie des Toulounides qui a régné sur l'Égypte de 868 à 905. Ces arcades à ogive inspireront 200 ans plus tard celles des églises gothiques. Four other smaller Mihrabs which were added later appear on the sides of the main mihrab, two on each side. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID Bayākbāk avait épousé la mère de Ahmad Ibn Tulun, qui est devenue veuve. The mosque was commissioned by the Turkic ruler Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbasid governor of Egypt from 868–884 whose rule was characterized by de facto independence. Calligraphy works took the form of decorative strips covering the wooden rail of higher sections of the walls. Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. The Emir welcomed the suggestion and immediately freed the prisoner, offered him prizes and asked him to build the Mosque. General view of the sahn (court), looking southwest; The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92 x 92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arabic: ziyada; 122 x 140 m) on three sides. Yalla, we will step towards the courtyards: Look at that, a splendid square space surrounded with elegant arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars while the roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long naves, originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … The floor plan of the mosque assumes the form of … The external walls of the Mosque were crowned with curious ornamental battlements in the form of a chain of little human figures (pigmies) defending the roof. Le beau-père a alors décidé d'envoyer en Egypte comme un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears THE MOSQUE OF AHMAD IBN TULUN. Ahmad Ibn Tulun stayed there. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun 2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was promoted to rule Egypt between 868 and 883AD. Along with all the tourist, there were numerous people praying. According to the same theory, Ibn Tulun Mosque was also the means through which the pier was transmitted to Europe. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque de la plus haute qualité. The main architectural innovations of this mosque can be briefly summarised in the following: Figure 2. Home Explore World. Mosque of Ibn Tulun. Such a feature could not have been achieved by the use of columns, which varied greatly in height and size and would have created problems in raising the arches to the same crown level. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. Located on Jebal Yashkur, the mosque was meant to serve as the main congregational mosque of ibn Tulun’s new administrative capital, al-Qata’i. Two hundred years later, these ogive arches inspired those of the great Gothic churches. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun 2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was … The transfer of these motifs to Europe is manifest through the strong links the Fatimids had during the 11. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The minaret in its famous spiral shape, in the form of Al-Malwiya of Samarra, was built outside the enclosure wall opposite the Qibla. Originally a Turkic slave-soldier, in 868 Ibn Tulun was sent to Egypt as governor by the Abbasid caliph. All Rights Reserved. It was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum for the infirm, before being restored in early 20th century. The building was restored several times, notably between 1296 and 1299, when the wall facing Mecca and the minaret—which has three floors, each in a different shape (square, spiral, and octagonal)—were rebuilt. p.108. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Mosque Of Ibn Tulun de la plus haute qualité. A royal palace adjoined the mosque, and the rest of the city was laid out around them. The mosque of ibn Tulun was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Tulun (323–358 AH/935–969 AD), ‘Abbasid governor of Egypt. Construction history. 0 0. Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn is located in Cairo, Egypt. Above them and between their arches a set of arched windows were opened to reduce the pressure of the thrust and provide extra light and air. You will also notice its arcaded galleries and carved wooden ceilings, which include verses from the Koran. Its architectural richness exceeded the expectations of medieval architects, especially Europeans, henceforth becoming a show case for them to imitate and admire. This was at least two and a half centuries before it was introduced to Europe. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. La prise du pouvoir en Egypte. It was the first recorded instance of the systematic adoption of piers to carry the arcades and the roof as an alternative to columns. The internal decorative works are found mainly in the frames and crowns of the piers, arches and windows. The ninth-century Tulunid dynasty lasted a mere 37 years, and is remembered only because of the mosque it left behind. The third section consists of the extensions, of 11 meters each, along the northern, eastern and western sides of the mosque. Trouvez les Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. « IBN TULUN AHMAD (835-884) » est également traité dans : ÉGYPTE - L'Égypte arabe. … (876–879), where a semi-independent governor, Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, introduced Iraqi techniques and succeeded in creating a masterpiece of composition.…, …inscriptions in the mosque of Ibn Ṭūlūn at Cairo, which were used both as a reminder of the faith and as an ornamental device to emphasize the structural lines of the building. This mosque should occupy a prime position in the list of historic and architectural achievements of Muslim civilisation. So he built it following their advice and made it and its minaret a copy of Samarra’s mosque.”. Ahmad Ibn Tulun stayed there. Following the tradition of Muslim Caliphs, the first work of Ibn Tulun was to establish a new capital known as Qataia (869 CE) between Cairo and Fustat. Construction began in 263 AH/876 AD, and finished in 266 AH/879 AD. Be the first to rate this post. The Mosque itself is quite large and sits in the middle of a large square with prayer nooks. Muslim Heritage:Send us your e-mail address to be informed about our work. Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also … The Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque is roughly square in shape, measureing 162 m. in length and 161 m. in width. The third mosque built in Egypt for Friday and congregational prayers, Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is one of the finest examples of hypostyle mosques of Abbasid period. Figure 3. He was born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origin owned by the Caliph, al-Ma'mun. In 1077 and according to an inscription, al-Mustansir Bellah restored one of the gates. The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun is one of the oldest intact mosques in Africa – one that combines monumental scale with austere elegance. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Mosque Of Ahmad Ibn Tulun – Cairo Egypt. The courtyards are lined with arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars. Trouvez les Mosquée Du Sultan Ahmad Ibn Touloun images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. The mosque was commissioned by the Turkic ruler Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbasid governor of Egypt from 868–884 whose rule was characterized by de facto independence. An Egyptian Christian architect could not have by chance employed these features independently of Samarra. The Mosque is pretty basic, unlike many churches and cathedrals that have lots paintings, statues, gold gilding, etc.. Ahmad ibn Tulun (835–84), the son of a Turkic slave in the Abbasid court of Baghdad, became the founder of the first independent state in Egypt since antiquity, and builder of Egypt’s short-lived third capital of the Islamic era, al-Qata’i‘ and its great congregational mosque. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Mosquée Du Sultan Ahmad Ibn Touloun de … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Ibn TulunMosquewas completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty(868-905 AD), Ahmad ibn Tulun. Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. It dates back to the last quarter of the ninth century, and therefore belongs to the formative period of Islamic architecture. Much of the decoration and design recalls the ʿAbbāsid architecture of Iraq. Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. Classed as a historic monument in 1890, the mosque has since been completely restored. According to Richmond they represent the earliest example of Arabesque, a pattern which became a prominent theme in most Muslim decorative art. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun Western sources, quoting Al-Maqrizi, claim that the architect of the mosque was an Egyptian Christian who proposed to employ piers as a substitute for the large number of columns necessary to support the roof span of this mosque’s magnitude3. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. In 980 a fire consumed the fountain which was in the centre of the mosque; it has never replaced. Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. Such patterns were traced to Sassanian and Hellenic influences. Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is the third mosque built in Egypt in 876 and the only one that survived in its original state; it is considered the oldest. In the mosque and the courtyard the arches are decorated with elaborate designs in carved stucco. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These are in the form of a band consisting of series of curved lines, flower buds and diamond shapes. Located on Jebal Yashkur, the mosque was meant to serve as the main congregational mosque of ibn Tulun’s new administrative capital, al-Qata’i. Read More on This Topic Egypt: Egypt under the caliphate …stepson, a young Mamluk named Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, as his agent in Egypt. Construction began in 263 AH/876 AD, and finished in 266 AH/879 AD. These aisles are divided by five arcades of pointed arches, each one is carried on 16 piers of brick and covered with plaster. These open extensions which ring the mosque on three sides work as buffers between the bustle of the streets and the religious space inside. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. Omissions? L'autorité mésopotamienne, en butte à des révoltes sociales en Mésopotamie et à l'ambition des condottieri saffarides, n'eut pas la force de résister. Fikri (1961 CE) dismissed this as another attempt to connect successful Muslim work to Christian origin. The crenellated outside walls have merlons that are shaped and perforated in a decorative pattern. THE MOSQUE OF AHMAD IBN TULUN. Discover the golden age of Muslim civilisation. La prise du pouvoir en Egypte. Along with all the tourist, there were numerous people praying. 2The Tulunids, formed a dynasty that lasted nearly forty years (868-905). The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. Thus, the early Islamic mosque eventually became austere in its use of symbolic ornamentation, with the exception of…. It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was promoted to rule Egypt between 868 and 883AD. Ahmad Ibn Touloun [1] (835-884) est le fondateur de la dynastie des Toulounides qui a régné sur l'Égypte de 868 à 905. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. Ibn Tulun received military training in Samarra, therefore the mosque in Cairo bears great resemblance to the Great Mosques of Samarra. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. Corridor-Of-Mosque . The mosque of ibn Tulun was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Tulun (323–358 AH/935–969 AD), ‘Abbasid governor of Egypt. Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, (born September 835, Baghdad—died March 884, Egypt), the founder of the Ṭūlūnid dynasty in Egypt and the first Muslim governor of Egypt to annex Syria. 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